Maintaining a Living Wage
First, you are not alone if you are working another job and doing music on the side. The average musician is underemployed. According to a musician survey conducted by the Future of Music Coalition, just 42 percent of musicians are working full-time in music. The rest are complementing their music with day jobs that have little or nothing to do with music.
There are a lot of startup and upgrade costs to consider when working in music – new equipment, computer upgrades, software additions. I practice law by day and hit my home studio at night, so I envy anyone who can make music creation a full-time gig. Don’t be afraid to take something on the side to make ends meet. Just make sure to stay on a schedule of production, practice, social media, making time for gigs or supporting events, and mingling in your music circles. My goal is to always produce at least 2 full drafts of an original track or remix a month. Make small goals and keep up with a self-crafted schedule.
If I Just Produce, How Do I Make Money?
This is a great info graphic, “How Much Do Music Artists Earn Online – 2015 Remix“, that focuses on what it takes for artists to make $1,260 a month (this isn’t really a living wage, but it’s a start.) To make ends meet, full-time artists need some combo of sales, downloads, and streams. This means they would need to have their tracks downloaded around 1,800 times or streamed close to a million times a month – or some combination thereof.
In the United States, electronic music only accounts for 3.9% of the total music that is consumed by Americans. In 2017, reports show that music streaming continues to surge increasing consumption and vinyl sales were up 20.4% from last year.
For the moment, it’s unclear how the Music Modernization Act (passed 11 October 2018) will affect these statistics. The focus of the Act is on digital streaming services and identifying songwriters and publishers. My only suggestion for labels and artists is to register your works, so when this act is enforced (it begins 2021), the proper owners can be identified for payment.
What Do All These Numbers Mean?
Let’s focus on a few points above.
- Electronic music producers are trying to tap into a market that counts for only 3.9% of total music consumption.
- Of the creators in that market, only 42% are full-time musicians.
- To make it into that 42%, you have to sell and stream in quantities that are hard to reach with sub genres of electronic music
I’m calling these statistics out because it’s an extreme edge case that a producer will make enough money just by selling music. Ways to supplement or get an upfront fee have to be taken into consideration if you are trying to become a full-time artist.
Gigs are always the ultimate goal to push your music career further and remain the main revenue stream for most producers/DJs. Paid gigs not only put you in front of a fan base, but offer the money artists need to run what is effectively a small business. Don’t think of yourself as a business? I would recommend looking into establishing a limited liability company for yourself or other platform available to you to track costs and get tax breaks. Consider speaking to a certified public accountant when pursuing this avenue.
The Small Print Split: Where Does Money From Sales Go?
In the data above, the label’s and distributor’s shares are taken into account. A label also has to evaluate this market data with the goal of not only recouping costs of distribution, mastering, or promotion – but also eventually make their own profit share.
As part owner of a label, I understand risks on artists need to be taken. Paying advances to artists is a necessary part of growing a label from the ground floor. So when you are asking a label to pay for a track or remix, you are telling the label that your music is good enough for them to recoup their costs through downloads and streams in the current state of the market. Physical products, like vinyl, are also more of an investment for the label so your music/status should be able to work within those potential markets.
Most artists that have some notoriety (meaning they have releases that are well supported, made top 100 charts, or released on larger labels) are charging around $80 to $100 US Dollars per track or remix. The larger the artist, the more the fee will creep up. But consider what the label is putting in and getting out when you are negotiating your fee.
Advice from a Veteran on the Label’s Perspective
I caught up with FUSE London and Rawax artist Alexkid to get his insight into the current market. Alexkid explains that recently,
“The reduced costs of establishing labels increased the amount of music available, often lowering the standards of such by simply following a ‘let’s see what happens next’ rule instead of trying to release the best music possible. This exponential amount of labels and music has simply divided the “cake” in many more slices. Yet this doesn’t mean that it is not possible for a label – especially a digital label – to make money. When it works, the cut might be extremely decent given the reduced amount of investment needed, but for a label to achieve this, it requires a lot of attention, clever marketing, good music and a fair amount of luck.”
This illustrates how to put yourself in the label’s shoes and think about how they’ve invested in their name, brand, distributors, promotions and so on. Don’t be afraid to ask about a label’s promotion networks or how they plan to market your music. If they intend on just pushing music out through a distributor, then factor that into your fee.
Blazing Your Trail Of Releases – Artist Perspective
Still to this day I keep an eye on artists in the industry that are becoming more well-known and make it a point to research their back catalogue. Sometimes the labels I find make their way into my dream list, but it gives me an understanding of how their sound has developed and the release route their music ventured through.
Alexkid recommends asking yourself the following questions when deciding where to leave your musical footprint:
- Is this label a label you really want to release with?
- Is that label possibly making money?
- Do they have decent marketing and is it going to make you more visible and possibly bring you shows?
- How many releases have you had this year?
- Did the label approach you, and if so, do they really know your music and do they correspond to how you want to be perceived?
- Do they release on vinyl (thus increasing their production costs)?
- Are they friends?
- Is it beneficial to them to have you on their label?
Answering all these should give you a feeling of how to behave towards the label and what choices to make.”
These great questions involve artist self-reflection, an important part of artist development. Write out the answers to these questions when you are shopping your music. With a goal in mind, you will already have these established boundaries to refer to. You have to treat each decision like a business decision. In order to grow a business, each decision should be calculated.
Always Have The Next Step In Mind
I also caught up with Alex Dimou, who had a stellar release come out on Get Physical in October called “Creep Inside.” He also had some good guidance for artists:
“The goal is to find a good balance between surviving financially and expressing yourself through your art. If you feel like the project (EP on a label, remix for someone else, etc.) will get attention, translate into gigs or fill your artistic ‘gap’ then you can go ahead and not ask for an advance fee.”
So before you ask for a fee or submit your music to a label, think about what your best next step would be based on their response. With that intended goal in mind, you can determine what the potential release will add to your portfolio or your wallet. The biggest thing here is that music will stay on the internet, so don’t just pump out a remix for a fee with your name attached that you are not happy with. Make sure it represents your sound and what you are trying to achieve artistically.
Show Labels That You Matter When Asking for a Fee
Once you have determined that you would like to work with a label, I would recommend adding some information that shows the objective credibility of your music. Have a list of DJ/radio support, performance, media reviews, and other stats or history. Just presenting a pay scale to an interested label may not be the best approach unless they are already aware of your status or music.
One way to do this is to make sure you claim your Spotify artist profile. Here you can track your streams, followers, and even submit your new releases to Spotify for possible features. You can also look to other data streams, such as YouTube, Shazam, or other sites that you subscribe to like Soundcloud, to show the overall audience and interest for your music. Pick out a few and work them into your short biography that you send with your music. This way a label knows you mean business and can see in clear numbers what you will bring to their label.
“New” Styles Of Paid Releases
Some artists are pursuing other avenues to raise money such as crowd sourcing or limited releases/downloads for a fee on sites like Bandcamp. You may have to get noticed before trying these self-driven release options, but remember not all productions you put out will be instant classics or right for a major label.
Another option is making a sample pack from all the earlier productions you have made or not released. Sample packs can be sold on your own or through a company and may already be lurking somewhere on your studio computer. Consider these options to bring in small additional amounts of income to help your funds stream.
The Wrap Up
The choice on how to navigate as a music mercenary is your own. The path you choose will help define you as an artist. Use the guidance above to help craft an appetizing presentation for labels and develop a road map that may or may not involve charging fees for your music. Think about the next steps and how your next release fits into your business oriented goals.
Charging for your music should be carefully considered and constructed to fit each label you are dealing with. I would like to leave you with this sound advice from Alexkid:
“My only advice would be to be honest and put as much effort as possible into your music, and not only in social media as the trend seems to be at the moment. At the end of it all, music remains…. and we’re supposed to be in it for the music, aren’t we?”
Saleem Razvi is a licensed attorney, DJ, music producer (RazV), and part owner of Unscene Records.Nothing in this article constitutes legal advice.
Check out more from Alexkid on his official website and his new line of Ableton plug-ins here
Check out more from Alex Dimou on Facebook and check out his EP, “Creep Inside” out now on Get Physical